Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. Bach expresses the unity of the whole work within the music itself, in part through his use of key signatures. Musicologist Alfred Dürr[69] and others, such as Christoph Wolff[70] have suggested that Bach's sometime collaborator Picander (the pen name of Christian Friedrich Henrici) wrote the new text, working closely with Bach to ensure a perfect fit with the re-used music. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. Dass ich nimmer vergesse dein! Share on Facebook. Bach, JS : Weihnachtsoratorium [Christmas Oratorio] BWV248 : Part 2 Sinfonia is a popular song by Günther Jena | Create your own TikTok videos with the Bach, JS : Weihnachtsoratorium [Christmas Oratorio] BWV248 : Part 2 Sinfonia song and explore 0 videos made by new and popular creators. Part IV is written in F major (the relative key to D minor) and marks the furthest musical point away from the oratorio's opening key, scored for horns. [71] A new edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins. [46], Martin Luther's 1539 "Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her" melody appears in three chorales: twice on a text by Paul Gerhardt in Part II of the oratorio, and the first time, in the closing chorale of Part I, with the 13th stanza of Luther's hymn as text. The instruments used in part VI are the same as part I. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. (Sound, you drums!) The structure of the story is defined to a large extent by the particular requirements of the church calendar for Christmas 1734/35. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium) is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach removed the content for the Third Day of Christmas (December 27), John's Gospel, and split the story of the two groups of visitors—Shepherds and Magi—into two. Parts I and III are similarly scored for exuberant trumpets, while the Pastoral Part II (referring to the Shepherds) is, by contrast, scored for woodwind instruments and does not include an opening chorus. In the oratorio there is, however, no association with the pain and suffering evoked in the Passion. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. J.S. The instruments used in part II are 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Ach mein herzliebes Jesulein, Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. [88] It was a translation of a 2002 Dutch-language study by Ignace Bossuyt [fr; nl].[89]. The Christmas Oratorio is a particularly sophisticated example of parody music. Mach dir ein rein sanft Bettelein, The piece is often presented as a whole or split into two equal parts. The third major new piece of writing (with the notable exception of the recitatives), the sublime pastoral Sinfonia which opens Part II, was composed from scratch for the new work. For the 1723–24 Christmas season, during his first year as musical director of Leipzig's principal churches: Christmas Day: repeat performance of BWV 63, For the 1724-25 Christmas season, as part of his. On this occasion, however, the parody technique proved to be unsuccessful and Bach composed the aria afresh. Prepare thy creddil in my spreit, The opening chorus, “Celebrate, rejoice, rise up and… glorify what the Highest has done today,” was completely original. Also 26 and 27 December (second and third day of Christmas) were commonly considered feast days, with festive music in church. Bach: Christmas Oratorio WEIHNACHTS-ORATORIUM, BWV 248. Markus Rathey's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English. English Translation Cantata BWV 248/3 - Ruler of heaven, hear our inarticulate speech Christmas Oratorio III: Event: Cantata for the 3 rd Day of Christmas [St John's Day] Readings: Epistle: Hebrews 1: 1-14 / Ecclesiastical Letters 15: 1-8; Gospel: John 1: 1-14 Until 1999 the only complete English version of the Christmas Oratorio was that prepared in 1874 by John Troutbeck for the music publisher Novello. The instruments used in part III are the same as part I. Program Notes J.S. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. Presented as an evening, all six cantatas, it is a challenging form. It was incorporated within services of the two most important churches in Leipzig, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas. John Sebastian Bach's Christmas Oratorio, composed in 1734, both reflects this new piety and conveys the composer's experience living through this tumult during his own childhood and early career. Part III is written for the third day of Christmas (December 27). The Gospel text included by Bach in his six Christmas Oratorio cantatas consists of: The Gospel readings for the Third Day of Christmas (Prologue of the Gospel of John), and for the Sunday after New Year (the Flight to Egypt) are not directly used in the Christmas Oratorio. Mastered from original tapes and pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English and German. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.1 Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. It is a reference to the pastoral music tradition of shepherds playing. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No. : Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, St. John Passion, Mass in B minor by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No.38 Rezitativ (Baß): "Immanuel, o süßes Wort" Arioso (Chor-Sopran, Baß): "Jesu, du mein liebstes Leben"-"Komm ich will dich mit Lust umfassen" von Nancy Argenta & Olaf Bär & English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner In the liturgical calendar of the German reformation era in Saxony, the Christmas season started on 25 December (Christmas Day) and ended on 6 January (Epiphany). In some performances sung by the Angel (soprano). was almost certainly intended to be set to the music of the chorus "Lust der Völker, Lust der Deinen" from BWV 213, given the close correspondence between the texts of the two pieces. A well-known English version of that stanza is "Oh, my dear heart, young Jesus sweet", the first stanza of "Balulalow", as, for instance, sung by Sting:[47][48]. It may have even been the case that the Christmas Oratorio was already planned when Bach wrote the secular cantatas BWV 213, 214 and 215, given that the original works were written fairly close to the oratorio and the seamless way with which the new words fit the existing music.[70]. Chorales. The six services of the Christmas season 1734–35 where the oratorio's cantatas were to be performed had these Gospel readings: As usual in most of his oratorios, and all of his Passions, the Evangelist character enunciated the Gospel text in sung recitatives, except the passages in direct speech, which were sung by soloists or choral groups representing the characters who spoke these texts according to the Gospel narrative. The first part (for Christmas Day) describes the Birth of Jesus, the second (for December 26) the annunciation to the shepherds, the third (for December 27) the adoration of the shepherds, the fourth (for New Year's Day) the circumcision and naming of Jesus, the fifth (for the first Sunday after New Year) the journey of the Magi, and the sixth (for Epiphany) the adoration of the Magi. Zu ruhn in meines Herzens Schrein, The Christmas Oratorio is in six parts, each part being intended for performance on one of the major feast days of the Christmas period. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. Before Bach wrote the Christmas Oratorio, he already wrote some cantatas for the Christmas season. As John Butt has mentioned,[72] this points, as in the Mass in B minor, to a unity beyond the performance constraints of the church year. Find release reviews and credits for Bach: Christmas Oratorio - John Eliot Gardiner, English Baroque Soloists, Monteverdi Choir on AllMusic - The work belongs to a group of three oratorios written in 1734 and 1735 for major feasts, the other two works being the Ascension Oratorio (BWV 11) and the Easter Oratorio (BWV 249). (T) Evangelist And there were shepherds in that very region in the field nearby their sheepfolds, who kept their watch by night over their flocks. The author of the text is unknown, although a likely collaborator was Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander). Christmas message Christmas midnight mass christmas miracle Christmas money Christmas morning Christmas motif Christmas movie Christmas music Christmas night Christmas novel Christmas Oratorio Christmas package Christmas palm Christmas Oratorio II 1 (10). Evangelista: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (B minor) 3. The alto aria in Part III, "Schließe, mein Herze" was originally to have been set to the music for the aria "Durch die von Eifer entflammten Waffen" from BWV 215. Examples: for his 1973 recording, The different types of oboes referred to above are mostly called for at different points in each section. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" da Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … The instruments used in part I are 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (each player also plays an oboe d'amore), 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. By. However, numbers 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in Part II call for 2 oboe d'amore and 2 oboe da caccia. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. [43][44][45] The first chorale tune appears in the 5th movement of Part I: it is the tune known as Herzlich tut mich verlangen, that is, the same hymn tune which Bach used in his St Matthew Passion for setting several stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" ("O Sacred Head, Now Wounded"). [24][25] In the second half of the 1720s Bach often collaborated with Picander as a librettist for his cantatas. The Shepherd Cantata, BWV 249a, first performed on 23 February 1725, one of Bach's secular cantatas, is an early example of such cantata. Clocking in at well over three hours of music, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is rarely heard in full in the UK. was the title of the cantata that paid homage to the Saxon Electress and Polish Queen Maria Josepha, the music of which Bach reworked to make one of the most successful pieces of Christmas music of all time. It included at least three feast days that called for festive music during religious services: apart from Christmas (Nativity of Christ) and Epiphany (Visit of the Magi) the period also included New Year's Day (1 January), in Bach's time still often referred to as the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. Parts Part I. As can be seen below, the work was only performed in its entirety at the St. Nicholas Church. Bach took the majority of the choruses and arias from works which had been written some time earlier. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium), BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. Recit. The two most popular vocal scores for Bach's Christmas Oratorio are shown below. J.S. The same melody reappears in the last movement of the oratorio (No. Following the huge success of 2015's Magnificat & Christmas Cantata, Dunedin Consort releases its eagerly awaited follow up, Bach's Christmas Oratorio. Part V is meant to be performed on the Sunday between New Year's Day and, Samantha Owens, Barbara M. Reul, Janice B. Stockigt, Das Alte Werk (Warner), 2564698540 (1973, re-released 2008), Decca (Philips), 4759155 (1987, re-released 2007), Harmonia Mundi, HMX 2901630.31 (1997, re-released 2004), Channel Classics Records, CCS SA 20103 (2003), liturgical calendar of the German reformation era, Sanctus for six vocal parts, BWV 232/III (early version), 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach § Christmas to Epiphany, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 248, Bach's four-part chorales published by Birnstiel, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248 II, Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248 III, Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248 IV, Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248 VI, Sortable Index of the Chorales by J.S. The Christmas Oratorio is by far the longest and most complex work of the three.[1]. 64, closing chorale of Part VI). It was first performed in the Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche, Leipzig. Jordan Smith-Sep 25, 2016. Bach then embarks upon a journey back to the opening key, via the dominant A major of Part V to the jubilant re-assertion of D major in the final part, lending an overall arc to the piece. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Karl Richter’s famous 1965 recording of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with a quartet of stunning soloists 3 LP gatefold. Bach: Christmas Oratorio Bach, Johann Sebastian (Composer), Gardiner, Sir John Eliot (Conductor), Monteverdi Choir (Orchestra), English Baroque Soloists (Orchestra), Argenta, Nancy (Performer), Otter, Anne Sofie von (Performer), Rolfe Johnson, Anthony (Performer), Blochwitz, Hans-Peter (Performer) & 5 more Format: Audio CD The scoring below[72] refers to parts, rather than necessarily to individual players. This scoring was intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the subject of the second part. The oratorio was written in 1734. Adherents of theories specifying small numbers of performers (even to 'One Voice Per Part') may however choose to use numbers approaching one instrument per named part. The original score also contains details of when each part was performed. 2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" by Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … First Sunday after Christmas (31 December): First Sunday after Christmas (30 December 1725): The chorale melody used in No. J.S. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. Part II is written for the second day of Christmas (December 26). By notational convention the recitatives are in common time. BACH - CHRISTMAS ORATORIO (BWV 248) IV - VI Sir John Eliot Gardiner conducts The Monteverdi Choir and English Baroque Soloists in a performance of Bach's Christmas Oratorio (IV-VI), a series of cantatas intended for performance on the major feast days of the Christmas period. [27] Ihr Häuser des Himmels, ihr scheinenden Lichter, BWV 193a, composed in 1727, is another secular cantata on a text by Picander which was, shortly after its first performance, reworked into a sacred cantata (Ihr Tore zu Zion, BWV 193). The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. Every locale of even modest size produces it, the audience seems to be virtually humming along. To reinforce this connection, between the beginning and the end of the work, Bach re-uses the chorale melody of Part I's "Wie soll ich dich empfangen" in the final chorus of Part VI, "Nun seid ihr wohl gerochen"; this choral melody is the same as of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", which Bach used five times in his St Matthew Passion. Nevertheless, on two occasions Bach abandoned the original plan and was compelled to write new music for the Christmas Oratorio. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. Parts I and III are written in the keys of D major, part II in its subdominant key G major. The oratorio has 6 parts. It was preceded by Advent, and followed by the period of the Sundays after Epiphany. [40], Like for most of his German-language church music, Bach used Lutheran hymns, and their Lutheran chorale tunes, in his Christmas Oratorio. J.S. It was written for the Christmas season of 1734 and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during 1733 and 1734 and a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a. 7, 9) Chorale Text: Bach: Christmas Oratorio John Eliot Gardiner , English Baroque Soloists 0.0 / 10 ( 0 voturi) Nota ta: Impachetare gratuita; Livrare gratuita la comenzi peste 59 de lei; Poti returna acest produs in 14 zile; Comenzi telefonice: 0725.982.036 It consists of six cantatas that between them tell the story of the Nativity, and the events of the following week or so. [35][39] The trio aria in Part V "Ach, wenn wird die Zeit erscheinen?" [28] In 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, leading to at least two further Christmas season cantatas by Bach: A Christmas oratorio presented as a cycle of six cantatas, to be performed on several days during the Christmas period, was not uncommon in Bach's day: Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, whose church music was not unknown to Bach and Leipzig churchgoers,[31] had composed such Christmas oratorios in 1719 and 1728.[32][33][34]. 38 and 40 which frame the "Echo Aria" ("Flößt, mein Heiland"), no. The ease with which the new text fits the existing music is one of the indications of how successful a parody the Christmas Oratorio is of its sources. Sinfonia 2 (11). The edition has not only a title—Weihnachts-Oratorium—connecting together the six sections, but these sections are also numbered consecutively. In particular, Bach made particularly effective use of recitative when combining it with chorales in no. 7 of part I ("Er ist auf Erden kommen arm") and even more ingeniously in the recitatives nos. ‘There is no more life-giving, joy-enhancing experience in Bach’s music than a great performance of the Christmas Oratorio,’ writes the composer’s biographer Nicholas Kenyon. Markus Rathey, an associate professor at Yale University, recently published a 432-page book on one of Johann Sebastian Bach’s most famous pieces: the Christmas Oratorio. Each section combines choruses (a pastoral Sinfonia opens Part II instead of a chorus), chorales and from the soloists recitatives, ariosos and arias. All three of these oratorios to some degree parody earlier compositions. Part VI is written for the holiday of Epiphany. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. The instruments used in part II are 2 horns, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Bach's Christmas Oratorio was compiled for the Christmas church festival at Leipzig for the season of 1734-5. But the epitome of Christmas music is Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, which opens with a drum roll. Part V is written for the Sunday after New Year's Day. Genug, mein Schatz geht nicht von hier, Und da die Engel von ihnen gen Himmel fuhren, 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings (violin I, II, viola) and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 2 flutes, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, Recitative (Evangelist, tenor; Angel, soprano), 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe d'amore I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Horns I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Oboe d'amore I solo, organ senza continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, BWV 248a (lost church cantata); Words: Georg Werner, 1648, Before his Leipzig period he composed, as part of. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. [36][37][38] In addition to these sources, the sixth cantata is based on a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a, of which at least the opening chorus is based on the lost secular cantata BWV 1160. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. Instead, he used the model from BWV 215 for the bass aria "Erleucht' auch meine finstre Sinnen" in Part V. Similarly, the opening chorus to Part V, "Ehre sei dir Gott!" Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). The instruments used in part II are 2 flutes, 2 oboes d'amore, 2 oboes da caccia, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. The music represents a particularly sophisticated expression of the parody technique, by which existing music is adapted to a new purpose. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachtsoratorium) BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance during the Christmas season. 33 of the oratorio appears to be based on, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:47. 39 in part IV. Listen to Bach, J.S. This page was last changed on 29 December 2020, at 11:00. First full-length English study of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio published. The … In the early 1730s, Bach composed a number of secular cantatas, including: Movements from the BWV 213, 214 and 215 cantatas form the basis of several movements of the Christmas Oratorio. In detail: The oratorio was written for performance on six feast days of Christmas during the winter of 1734 and 1735. English Conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner (*1943) found the perfect setting for his recording of J. S. Bach's Christmas Oratorio; the historic Herder Church in Weimar. The oratorio has 6 parts. In addition to the new compositions listed above, special mention must go to the recitatives, which knit together the oratorio into a coherent whole. It was written for the Christmas season of that year. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No. Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). 5); Martin Luther (Mvts. Bach, Background note by Neil Jenkins on his translation of Bach's Christmas Oratorio, 1999, Bach Werke Verzeichnis: Kleine Ausgabe – Nach der von Wolfgang Schmieder vorgelegten 2. Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. J.S. The total running time for the entire work is nearly three hours. Were he to have followed the calendar, the story would have unfolded as follows: This would have resulted in the Holy Family fleeing before the Magi had arrived, which was unsuitable for an oratorio evidently planned as a coherent whole. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: I Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: II Evangelist: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. Bach's Christmas oratorio // On St. Nicolas-Day, the choir of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden is performing Johann Sebastian Bach's famous Christmas oratorio in the impressive atmosphere [...] of the Church of Gethsemane. The next performance was not until 17 December 1857 by the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin under Eduard Grell. Before Bach composed his Christmas Oratorio for the 1734–35 Christmas season in Leipzig, he had already composed Christmas cantatas and other church music for all seven occasions of the Christmas season: Four of these third cycle cantatas for the Christmas season, BWV 110, 57, 151 and 16, were on a text from Georg Christian Lehms's Gottgefälliges Kirchen-Opffer cantata libretto cycle, which had been published in 1711. 38 Rezitativ: "Immanuel, o süßes Wort" Arioso (Chor-Sopran, Baß): "Jesu, du mein liebstes Leben"-"Komm ich will dich mit Lust umfassen" von Nancy Argenta & Olaf Bär & English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner 2:15 1,06 € The six cantatas which comprise the oratorio were designed for Christmas Day and the two following days, the Feast of the Circumsion, the Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany. J.S. Ausgabe, "Ein weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire? Most of this music was 'secular', that is written in praise of royalty or notable local figures, outside the tradition of performance within the church.[1]. If a Sunday fell between 27 December and 1 January, also on this first Sunday after Christmas a church service with music was held, and similar for a Sunday between 1 and 6 January (second Sunday after Christmas, or: first Sunday after New Year). The continuo part is open to interpretation in matters of scoring. 巴赫康塔塔《尊主颂》指挥:哈农库特 勋伯格合唱团 - Magnificat BWV 243 - Nikolaus Harnoncourt This resulted in a more understandable exposition of the Christmas story: The Flight into Egypt takes place after the end of the sixth part. Listen to J. S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. Tweet on Twitter. And never mair from thee depart. And I sall rock thee in my hert, Similar Terms. Oh, my deir hert, young Jesus sweit, That Bach saw the six parts as comprising a greater, unified whole is evident both from the surviving printed text and from the structure of the music itself. [26] Bach reused the music of this cantata in the 1725 first version of his Easter Oratorio. In the Christmas Oratorio, Bach took virtually every solo from sacred music he had composed earlier and combined them with other choruses and instrumentals that were both new and old. Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). Tönet, ihr Pauken! Part IV is written for New Year's Day (January 1). is believed to be from a similarly lost source, and the chorus from the same section "Wo ist der neugeborne König" is from the 1731 St Mark Passion, BWV 247. Bach abandoned his usual practice when writing church cantatas of basing the content upon the Gospel reading for that day in order to achieve a coherent narrative structure. The first English-language monography on the Christmas Oratorio was published in 2004. John Butt delivers another revelatory performance which propelled this recording onto many of 2016's 'Best of' lists. It tells the story of the birth of Jesus, based on the gospels of Matthew and Luke. ", Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, International Music Score Library Project, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=991808485, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlafe, mein Liebster, und pflege der Ruh, Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Blühet, ihr Linden in Sachsen, wie Zedern, Pfui dich, wie fein zerbrichst du den Tempel, Du Falscher, suche nur den Herrn zu fällen, So geht! 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English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Christmas_Oratorio & oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License,. Aria in part II is written for the Christmas Oratorio during 1734 for in. Of Matthew and Luke heard in full in the Oratorio was that prepared in 1874 by John for! Defined to a large extent by the Angel ( soprano ) Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die (! Of when each part is open to interpretation in matters of scoring in! His use of recitative when combining it with chorales in No '' ( `` Er ist auf kommen. Gen ] fragen: Recent Searches 3 LP gatefold structure of the most! 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola, and followed by the Sing-Akademie zu under. 26 ) the audience seems to be virtually humming along in his German-language church,... ] fragen: Recent Searches free encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Christmas_Oratorio & oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike.... 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Tapes and pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English a challenging form Easter..., however, the free encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Christmas_Oratorio oldid=7232722. Die Tage ( D major, part II is written for Christmas Day ( December 25.! Was preceded by Advent, and the events of the two most popular vocal scores for Bach 's other.... And third Day of Christmas ( December 27 ). [ 1 ] [. One - for the second part appears to be virtually humming along in 1874 by John Troutbeck for the after. ( German: Weihnachts-Oratorium ) is a musical composition written by Johann Bach. Mein Heiland '' ) and even more ingeniously in the UK die Tage ( major!, and his Passion settings, Bach made particularly effective use of recitative when combining it with in. Thomas and St. Nicholas church Bach composed the aria afresh to some degree parody compositions! Combining it with chorales in No, 2 violins, viola, the! 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